Section 4 The Factories Act, 1948


Section 4 The Factories Act, 1948 : 

Power to declare different departments to be separate factories or two or more factories to be a single factory.—The State Government may, 2[on its own or] on an application made in this behalf by an occupier, direct, by an order in writing 2[and subject to such conditions as it may deem fit], that for all or any of the purposes of this Act different departments or branches of a factory of the occupier specified in the application shall be treated as separate factories or that two or more factories of the occupier specified in the application shall be treated as a single factory:] 3[Provided that no order under this section shall be made by the State Government on its own motion unless an opportunity of being heard is given to the occupier.

Supreme Court of India Important Judgments And Leading Case Law Related to Section 4 The Factories Act, 1948: 

Mangalore Ganesh Beedi Works Etc vs Union Of India Etc on 31 January, 1974

Shri B. P. Hira, Works vs Shri C. M. Pradhan Etc on 8 May, 1959

Kanpur Sugar Works Ltd vs State Of Bihar & Ors on 6 March, 1970

Ramdhandas And Another vs The State Of Punjab on 10 April, 1961

1340 Shri Chintaman Rao & Another vs The State Of Madhya Pradesh on 18 February, 1958

S.G. Chemical And Dyes Trading vs S.G. Chemicals And Dyes Trading on 3 April, 1986

Hindalco Industries Ltd vs Association Of Engineering on 14 March, 2008

Mohan Singh & Ors vs The Chairman Railway Board & Ors on 3 August, 2015

Kishan Chand Mangal vs State Of Rajasthan on 14 October, 1982

कारखाना अधिनियम, 1948 की धारा 4 का विवरण - 

 विभिन्न विभागों की पृथक्-पृथक् कारखाने या दो या अधिक कारखानों को एक कारखाना घोषित करने की शक्ति- [राज्य सरकार स्वयं या अधिष्ठाता द्वारा उस निमित्त आवेदन करने पर,] लिखित आदेश द्वारा  [और ऐसी शर्तों के अधीन रहते हुए जो वह ठीक समझे] निदेश दे सकेगी कि इस अधिनियम के सब या किसी प्रयोजन के लिए अधिष्ठाता के कारखाने के विभिन्न विभागों या शाखाओं को जो आवेदन में विनिर्दिष्ट हों, पृथक्-पृथक् कारखाने माना जाएगा या अधिष्ठाता के दो या अधिक कारखानों को जो आवेदन में विनिर्दिष्ट हों, एक कारखाना माना जाएगा :]

4[परंतु राज्य सरकार द्वारा इस धारा के अधीन स्वप्रेरणा से कोई आदेश तब तक नहीं किया जाएगा जब तक अधिष्ठाता को सुनवाई का अवसर नहीं दे दिया जाता है ।

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