Showing posts from February, 2018

Protection of Linguistic Minority Rights

Protection of Linguistic Minority Rights and Non-Discrimination on Grounds of Religion Article 29 enunciated  the fundamental right of any section of citizens residing anywhere in India to conserve its distinct language, script of culture. No citizen can be denied admission in any educational instiution maintained or aided by the State on grounds of language, religion, etc. Article 30 seeks to protect the rights of all minorities - based on languages - to establish and administer  educational institutions of their choice. The State is enjoined not to discriminate against any educational institution on the ground of its language or religion - based management. Article 350A inserted by Seventh Amendment provides for local authorities in every state endeavouring to extend adequate facilities for instruction in the mother toungue at the primary stage of education to children belonging to linguistic minority groups and for the President necessary directios to any State. The

Attorney General of India

Attorney General of India Under the chapter on 'The Executive', the Constitution includes a provision (article 76) for the President appointing a person qualified to be a Supreme Court judge as the Attorney-General of India to advise the Government on legal matters and perform other duties of a legal nature as may be assigned. The Attorney General of India holds office during the pleasure of the President. However, inasmuch as he is appointed on that with a change of Government, he submits his resignation. The Attorney-General is the Chief Law Officer of the Government. He has the first right of audience in all courts in India. Also, he has the right to speak and take part in the proceedings of either House of Parliament without a right to vote. He is not a full-time officer of the House nor is he a member of the Cabinet as in U.K. Also, he is not barred from from private practice except that he cannot advise or hold briefs against the Government of India.  [

India that is Bharat

Article 1 of Indian Constitution lays down that India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.  The question of the name of the country was discussed in the Constituent Assembly at some length. While 'Bharat' was the ancient name and represented the first expression of the consciousness of the unity and identity of the country,  India was the modern name by which the country had since become known all over the world. As a member of the United Nations also the name was India and all international  agreements were entered in that name. Both the names, therefore, had strong votaries. Finally, the name 'India, that is Bharat' was adopted as a happy compromise. The emphasis on India being a 'Union' was to convey the fact that it was not  the result of a compact or agreement between the Constituent Assembly which derived  its power and authority from the sovereign people of India. No state could, therefore secede from the Union nor could it suo motu va