Section 27 The Factories Act, 1948

 Section 27 The Factories Act, 1948 : 

Casing of new machinery.—

(1) In all machinery driven by power and installed in any factory after the commencement of this Act,—

(a) every set screw, bolt or key on any revolving shaft, spindle, wheel or pinion shall be so sunk, encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger; tc" (a) every set screw, bolt or key on any revolving shaft, spindle, wheel or pinion shall be so sunk, encased or otherwise effectively guarded as to prevent danger;"

(b) all spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require frequent adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased, unless it is so situated as to be as safe as it would be if it were completely encased. tc" (b) all spur, worm and other toothed or friction gearing which does not require frequent adjustment while in motion shall be completely encased, unless it is so situated as to be as safe as it would be if it were completely encased."

(2) Whoever sells or lets on hire or, as agent of a seller or hirer, causes or procures to be sold or let on hire, for use in a factory any machinery driven by power which does not comply with the provisions of 1[sub-section (1) or any rules made under sub-section (3)], shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both. tc "(2) Whoever sells or lets on hire or, as agent of a seller or hirer, causes or procures to be sold or let on hire, for use in a factory any machinery driven by power which does not comply with the provisions of 3[sub-section (1) or any rules made under sub-section (3)], shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three months or with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees or with both." 2[(3) The State Government may make rules specifying further safeguards to be provided in respect of any other dangerous part of any particular machine or class or description of machines.] tc "4[(3) The State Government may make rules specifying further safeguards to be provided in respect of any other dangerous part of any particular machine or class or description of machines.]"



Supreme Court of India Important Judgments And Leading Case Law Related to Section 27 The Factories Act, 1948: 

Mangalore Ganesh Beedi Works Etc. vs Union Of India Etc on 31 January, 1974

The State Of Uttar Pradesh vs M. P. Singh And Others on 15 December, 1959

Hindalco Industries Ltd vs Association Of Engineering on 14 March, 2008

Gammon India Ltd. Etc. Etc vs Union Of India & Ors. Etc on 20 March, 1974




कारखाना अधिनियम, 1948 की धारा 27 का विवरण - रुई-धुनकियों के पास स्त्रियों और बच्चों के नियोजन का प्रतिषेध-रूई दबाने के कारखाने के किसी ऐसे भाग में जिसमें रूई धुनकी चल रही हो, किसी स्त्री या बालक को नियोजित नहीं किया जाएगा :

परन्तु यदि रूई-धुनकी का भराई-सिरा ऐसे कमरे में हो जो निकासी सिरे से ऐसे विभाजक द्वारा पृथक् किया गया है जिसका विस्तार छत तक हो या जिसकी ऊंचाई इतनी हो जितनी निरीक्षक किसी विशिष्ट मामले में लिखकर विनिर्दिष्ट करे तो स्त्रियों और बालकों को विभाजक के उस ओर नियोजित किया जा सकेगा जहां भराई-सिरा स्थित हो ।



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