P. RANJITHARAJ vs THE STATE OF TAMIL NADU & ORS.
P. RANJITHARAJ vs THE STATE OF TAMIL NADU & ORS.
Landmark Cases of India / सुप्रीम कोर्ट के ऐतिहासिक फैसले
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO(s.) 31763177 OF 2022
(Arising from the SLP(Civil) No(s).1443839 OF 2019)
P. RANJITHARAJ …Appellant(s)
THE STATE OF TAMIL NADU & ORS. …Respondent(s)
CIVIL APPEAL NO(s.) 3178 3179 OF 2022
(Arising from the SLP(Civil) No(s). 78247825 OF 2022)
(D. NO.9915 OF 2019)
J U D G M E N T
1. Delay condoned.
2. Leave granted.
3. The present appeals have been filed assailing the judgment
dated 19th June, 2014 and later order dated 2nd November, 2018
passed in review application, whereby the appellants have been
denied to become member of the Tamil Nadu Pension Rules, 1978.
4. The indisputed facts manifest from the record are that 53
vacancies of Assistant Public Prosecutor Grade II (hereinafter
referred to as “APP Grade II”) came to be advertised by the Tamil
Nadu Public Service Commission (hereinafter referred to as “the
Commission”) by advertisement dated 9th November, 2001. After
undertaking the process for selection, the final select list was sent
by the Commission to the State Government, pursuant to which 51
persons, including those who are lower in order of merit to the
appellants herein, were appointed on the post of APP Grade II by
the Government by order dated 24th September, 2002.
5. So far as the present appellants are concerned, their names at
the given point of time were withheld for want of further verification
and clearance from the Commission. The Commission on
verification granted clearance to both the appellants and intimated
to the State Government by its communication dated 3rd September,
2002 (much before the appointments made by order dated 24th
September, 2002). Despite all the formalities being completed,
without any reasonable cause or justification, the State Government
withheld the appointments of the appellants and finally both the
appellants were appointed on the post of APP Grade II on 23rd
August, 2005 and 23rd April, 2004 respectively.
6. In the meanwhile vide notification dated 6th August, 2003, an
amendment was made under the Tamil Nadu Pension Rules, 1978
which came into force w.e.f. 1st April, 2003 and following proviso
was added to Rule 2 :
“Provided that these rules shall not apply to Government Servants
appointed on or after 1st April, 2003, to services and posts in
connection with the affairs of the State which are borne on
pensionable establishments, whether temporary or permanent.”
7. Accordingly, the State Government introduced a new Contributory Pension Scheme applicable to the Tamil Nadu State Government employees who are recruited on or after 1st April, 2003.
8. The grievance of the appellants is that advertisement was
published by the Commission on 9th November, 2001 for the block
year 19982002, pursuant to which after selection 51 candidates
out of 53 (except the appellants) were appointed by order dated 24th
September, 2002 and before these appointments could be made,
the names of the appellants were also cleared by the Commission
after due verification on 3rd September, 2002, but the State Government failed to include their names while appointments of other selected candidates, including those who are lower in order of merit,
were made on 24th September, 2002 and without any reasonable
cause/justification, their appointments were withheld for two/three
years and finally they were appointed on 23rd August, 2005 and
23rd April, 2004 respectively and the delay in appointments in no
manner could be attributable to the appellants and because of their
later appointments, the Government has denied them to avail the
benefit and become a member of the Scheme, 1978 which was applicable to the employees who were appointed on or before 1st April,
9. The counsel for the appellants further submits that in terms of
their placement in order of merit in the select list despite later appointments in the year 2004 and 2005, still all benefits, including
seniority, promotion, etc. were extended to the appellants. In the
given circumstances, merely because there is delay in appointment
would not deprive the appellants of their right to become a member
of the Pension Scheme, 1978 claiming parity with the other candidates who had participated in the common process of selection held
by the Commission pursuant to advertisement dated 9th September,
2001 and the High Court has committed a manifest error to proceed
blindly on the premise that since they were appointed after 1st April,
2003, are not entitled to become member of Pension Scheme, 1978,
which was applicable to the employees appointed on or before 1st
April, 2003 and the same needs to be interfered with by this Court.
10. Learned counsel for the respondents, on the other hand, while
supporting the finding recorded by the High Court under the impugned judgment, submits that the Scheme of Rules 1978 which
has been amended by the notification dated 6th August, 2003, is not
under challenge and that clearly demonstrates that it will be applicable only to such of the employees who were appointed on or before 1st April, 2003, to draw the benefits of the Tamil Nadu Pension
Rules, 1978. Admittedly, the present appellants were appointed
much after the new Contributory Pension Scheme was introduced,
which was applicable to the employees recruited on or after 1st
April, 2003, which alone will be applicable to the present appellants
and this what the High Court has observed in the impugned judgment and needs no further interference by this Court.
11. After we have heard counsel for the parties and with their assistance perused the material available on record, in our considered
view, the premise on which the High Court has proceeded is not
sustainable for the reason that the appellants along with other applicants had participated in the selfsame selection process pursuant to advertisement dated 9th September, 2001 held for the post
of APP Grade II and verification was made by the Commission in the
case of the present appellants on 3rd September, 2002.
12. In the given circumstances, when those who are lower in order
of merit to the appellants were appointed by an order dated 24th
September, 2002, the appellants have no right of say in the matter
of appointment and no justification has been tendered by the State
respondent as to why their names were withheld for two/three
years, when their names were cleared by the Commission on 3rd
September, 2002 and sent to the State Government and finally appointments were made of the appellants on 23rd August, 2005 and
23rd April, 2004 respectively and the delay indeed in making appointments in the case of the present appellants in no manner
could be attributable to them.
13. In the given circumstances, when all other candidates who
had participated along with the appellants pursuant to advertisement dated 9th November, 2001, on the recommendations made by
the Commission were appointed on 24th September, 2002 including
those who are lower in the order of merit, there appears no reason
for withholding the names of the present appellants and merely because they were appointed at a later point of time, would not deprive them from claiming to become a member of Tamil Nadu Pen
sion Rules, 1978, which is applicable to the employees who were
appointed on or before 1st April, 2003.
14. In the facts and circumstances, the finding recorded by the
High Court qua the present appellants is not sustainable and deserves to be set aside.
15. The appeals are accordingly allowed and the judgment and
order dated 19th June, 2014 and 2nd November, 2018 of the High
Court qua the appellants are set aside. The respondents are
directed to treat the present appellants to be a member of the Tamil
Nadu Pension Rules, 1978 for all practical purposes and benefits as
member of the Rules, 1978 to which the appellants are entitled,
including retiral benefits, be made available to them. No costs.
16. Pending application(s), if any shall stand disposed of.
(BELA M. TRIVEDI)
APRIL 25, 2022.
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