The Board of Control for Cricket in Indi Versus Cricket Association of Bihar & Ors

The Board of Control for Cricket in Indi  Versus Cricket Association of Bihar & Ors 

Landmark Cases of India / सुप्रीम कोर्ट के ऐतिहासिक फैसले



Reportable
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
IA No 49930 of 2020
in
Civil Appeal No 4235 of 2014
The Board of Control for Cricket in India .... Appellant
Versus
Cricket Association of Bihar & Ors ....Respondents
J U D G M E N T
Dr Dhananjaya Y Chandrachud, J
1 By the judgment of this Court in Board of Control for Cricket in India v Cricket
Association of Bihar1, the draft Constitution of the Board of Control for Cricket in
India2 was approved. The Court stipulated that any amendment to the Constitution
shall not be given effect to without the leave of the Court. Clause 45 of the
Constitution, as approved, contains the following provision:
“These Rules and Regulations of the BCCI shall not be repealed,
added to, amended or altered except when passed and adopted by a
1 (2018) 9 SCC 624
2 “BCCI”
2
3/4th majority of the members present and entitled to vote at a
Special General Meeting of the General Body convened for the
purpose or at the Annual General Meeting. Any such amendment will
not be given effect to without the leave of the Hon’ble Supreme
Court.”
2 On 1 December 2019, certain amendments were approved unanimously at the
Annual General Meeting3.
3 An interim application has been filed for seeking the leave of the Court to give effect
to the amendments. A reference to the relevant clauses which are proposed to be
amended would be necessary.
4 Clause 6(4) of the existing Constitution contains the stipulation that an office bearer
who has held any post for two consecutive terms either in a state association or in
the BCCI or a combination of both shall not be eligible to contest any further election
without completing a cooling off period of three years. During the cooling off period,
there is a prohibition on an office bearer becoming a member of the Governing
Council or of any committee of the BCCI or of a state association. The rationale for
adopting a cooling off period was elaborated in Section C of the judgment of this
Court. The rationale was explained in paragraph 35 of the judgment in the following
terms:
“… A cooling-off period has several features which are of utmost
importance:
(i) it is a safeguard against the development of vested personal
interests;
3 “AGM”
3
(ii) it ensures against the concentration of power in a few hands;
(iii) it facilitates a dispersal of authority; and
(iv) it encourages the generation of a wider body of experienced
administrators.
Cooling-off must be accepted as a means to prevent a few individuals
from regarding the administration of cricket as a personal turf. The
game will be better off without cricketing oligopolies.”
5 While explaining the proposed provision for a cooling off period after the completion
of two consecutive terms, this Court provided the following illustrations:
“However, in our view, it would be appropriate to direct that a coolingoff period of three years would apply after an individual holds two
successive terms in office either in BCCI, or in any State Association
or a combination of the two. For instance, if an office-bearer has held
office for two consecutive terms in any post in a State Association,
such an individual must face a cooling-off period of three years.
Likewise, if an individual has held any post as an office-bearer of
BCCI for a total period of six years in succession, the individual must
have a cooling-off period of three years before seeking election again
either to BCCI or to a State Association. The cooling-off period would
apply also in a situation where an individual holds a post for one term
in a State Association followed by a post in BCCI successively or vice
versa. This would ensure that after a period of six years involving two
consecutive terms, a cooling-off period would be attracted. Allowing
an individual to act as an office-bearer for six years in continuation, is
a sufficiently long period for experience and knowledge gained to be
deployed in the interest of the game without at the same time
resulting in a monopoly of power.”
6 An amendment of Clause 6.4 has been proposed on the ground that the BCCI
undertakes its activities both at the national and international level. On the other
hand, the activities of the state associations are conducted at the level of each state.
Though there may be a degree of overlap between the functions associated at the
4
state level, on the one hand, and the national level by the BCCI, on the other hand, it
has been submitted that the functions are distinct in a large number of areas and
activities.
7 Mr Tushar Mehta, Solicitor General appearing on behalf of the applicant, submitted
that Clause 6(4), as approved by this Court, indicates that a person who has
completed one term at the state level followed by one term at the BCCI would have
to complete a cooling off period of three years. In other words, though an office
bearer at the BCCI has completed only one term at the BCCI, the cooling off period
would come into effect. It has been submitted that the unanimous view at the AGM
is that this provision should be modified so as to stipulate that the cooling off period
would come into effect after an office bearer has completed two consecutive terms
at the same level, that is in a state association or at the BCCI. In other words, an
office bearer who completes two consecutive terms in a state association would
necessarily have to complete a cooling off period of three years before assuming
any elected office at the state association. Likewise, an office bearer who completes
two consecutive terms at the BCCI would have to mandatorily undergo a cooling off
period of three years before seeking any election at the level of the BCCI.
8 The amended provision, as proposed at the AGM, seeks to confine the requirement
of a cooling off period only to the posts of President and Secretary. The amendment
as proposed envisages in other words that the cooling off period will not apply to
other posts.
5
9 Mr Maninder Singh, senior counsel, who was requested to assist this Court as an
amicus curiae, submitted that there would be no justification to confine the cooling
off period only to the post of President and Secretary and must extend to all other
office bearers of the BCCI and the state associations.
10 In order to bring clarity to the position, a tabulated chart has been placed before this
Court indicating:
(i) The existing provision;
(ii) The amended provision proposed by BCCI; and
(iii) The proposed clause after incorporating the suggestions made by the amicus
curiae.
11 The tabulated position (in track mode) reads as follows:
CLAUSE EXISTING PROVISION AMENDED PROVISION PROPOSED BY
BCCI
PROPOSED CLAUSE AFTER
AMICUS’S SUGGESTION
6(4) An office bearer who has held any post
for two consecutive terms either in a
state association or in the BCCI (or a
combination of both) shall not be
eligible to contest any further election
without completing a cooling off period
of three years. During the cooling off
period, such an office bearer shall not
be a member of the Governing Council
or of any committee whatsoever of the
BCCI or of a state association. The
expression ‘office bearer’ should not be
permitted to be circumvented by being
a member of any other committee or of
the Governing Council in BCCI or any
A President or SecretaryAn office bearer
who has served in such position held any
post for two consecutive terms either in a
state association or in the BCCI (or a
combination of both) shall not be eligible
to contest any further election without
completing a cooling off period of three
years. During the cooling off period, such
‘Office bearer’ an office bearer shall not
be a member of the Governing Council or
of any committee whatsoever of the
BCCI. or of a state association. The
expression ‘President’ or ‘Secretary’
office bearer’ should not be permitted to
be circumvented by being a member of
6.4.1 An office bearer who has held
any post for two consecutive terms in
the BCCI shall not be eligible to
contest any further election in the
BCCI without completing a cooling off
period of three years.
During this cooling off period, such an
office bearer shall not be a member of
the Governing Council or of any
committee whatsoever of the BCCI.
The expression ‘office bearer’ should
not be permitted to be circumvented
by being a member of any other
committee or of the Governing
Council in BCCI, as the case may be.
6
state association, as the case may be. any other committee or of the Governing
Council in BCCI or any state association,
as the case may be.
6.4.2 If a person has served two
consecutive terms each, in the State
Association and in the BCCI [or vice
versa] continuously without any
break, such person shall not be
eligible to contest any further election
in the State Association or in the
BCCI, without completing a cooling
off period of three years.
During this cooling off period, such an
office bearer shall not be a member of
the Governing Council or of any
committee whatsoever of the BCCI or
of a state association. The expression
‘office bearer’ should not be permitted
to be circumvented by being a
member of any other committee or of
the Governing Council in BCCI or any
state association, as the case may
be.
The State Associations may
separately have the following clause:-
6.4.1 An office bearer who has held
any post for two consecutive terms in
the State Association shall not be
eligible to contest any further election
in such State Association without
completing a cooling off period of
three years.
During this cooling off period, such an
office bearer shall not be a member of
the Governing Council or of any
committee whatsoever of the state
association. The expression ‘office
bearer’ should not be permitted to be
circumvented by being a member of
any other committee or of the
Governing Council in the state
association, as the case may be.
6.4.2 If a person has served two
consecutive terms each, in the State
7
Association and in the BCCI [or vice
versa] continuously without any
break, such person shall not be
eligible to contest any further election
in the State Association or in the
BCCI, without completing a cooling
off period of three years.
During this cooling off period, such an
office bearer shall not be a member of
the Governing Council or of any
committee whatsoever of the BCCI or
of a state association. The expression
‘office bearer’ should not be permitted
to be circumvented by being a
member of any other committee or of
the Governing Council in BCCI or any
state association, as the case may
be.
12 As the above tabulation indicates, the amicus curiae has proposed a bifurcation, for
the sake of clarity, of the existing provision by introducing similar requirements of
cooling off periods both at the level of the BCCI and in the state associations.
Clause 6(4), as originally incorporated, is hence sought to be bifurcated separately
for the BCCI and the state associations. The Solicitor General has stated that the
amendment as proposed by the amicus curiae is acceptable to the BCCI.
13 Having considered the application and the reasons which have been set out, we are
of the considered view that the amendment as proposed in the third column above,
should be accepted in terms of the suggestions of the amicus curiae. The reasons
for accepting the above proposal are indicated below.
14 The principal rationale for adopting a cooling off period has been explained in the
judgment of this Court, extracted above. This Court had adopted the rationale that
8
the cooling off period would kick in after an individual holds two successive terms in
office either at the BCCI or in any state association or a combination of the two. The
effective consequence of the existing position is that:
(i) A person who is elected as an office bearer in a state association for two
consecutive terms would have to undergo a cooling off period;
(ii) A person who is elected as an office bearer at the BCCI for two consecutive
period would have to undergo a cooling off period; and
(iii) A person who is elected as an office bearer in a state association for one term
followed by election as an office bearer at the BCCI for one term would
similarly have to undergo a cooling off period.
15 The consequence, therefore, is that a person who has held office as an elected
office bearer for only one term at the BCCI would have to undergo a cooling off
period. The submission is that the application of a cooling off period after one term
at a particular level (the BCCI or state association, as the case may be on after an
immediately prior term at another level) is unduly stringent and needs to be modified
having regard to the purpose for which the cooling off period was introduced.
16 BCCI is an autonomous sports body. The judgment of this court did not abrogate its
power, as a registered society, to amend its Constitution. The stipulation that an
amendment be carried by a three fourths majority and should not be implemented
without the prior leave of this court is in order to ensure that the purpose underlying
9
the adoption of the Constitution of BCCI is not defeated. The purpose for which the
cooling off period was introduced, would not be diluted by the proposed amendment,
subject to the stipulations suggested by the amicus curiae. The proposed stipulation
that the cooling off period comes into effect after two consecutive terms at the same
level namely, at the state associations or the BCCI does not abrogate the purpose of
a cooling off period. We, therefore, accept the amendment as set out in Column 3
above.
17 The next amendment is proposed to Clause 6(5) of the BCCI’s Constitution. As in
the case of Clause 6(4), the amendment which was proposed to Clause 6(5) was
deliberated upon during the course of the hearing and certain suggestions have
been made in the course of the discussion by the amicus curiae. The position is
tabulated below (in track mode):
CLAUSE EXISTING PROVISION AMENDED PROVISION PROPOSED BY
BCCI
PROPOSED CLAUSE AFTER
AMICUS’S SUGGESTION
6(5) A person shall be disqualified from
being an Office Bearer, a member of
the Governing Council or any
Committee or a representative to the
International Cricket Council or any
similar organization if he or she:
(a) is not a citizen of India;
(b) has attained the age of 70
years;
(c) is declared to be insolvent, or
of unsound mind;
(d) is a Minister or Government
Servant or holds a public
office;
(e) holds any office or post in a
sports or athletic association
A person shall be disqualified from
being an Office Bearer, or an Apex
Council Member of the BCCI a member
of the Governing Council or any
Committee or a representative to the
International Cricket Council or any
similar organization if he or she:
(a) is not a citizen of India;
(b) has attained the age of 70
years;
(c) is declared to be insolvent, or of
unsound mind;
(d) is a Minister or Government
Servant or holds a public office;
(e) holds any office or post in a
sports or athletic association or
A person shall be disqualified from
being an Office Bearer, a member of
the Apex Council, Governing Council
or any Committee of the BCCI if he or
she:
(a) is not a citizen of India;
(b) has attained the age of 70
years;
(c) is declared to be insolvent,
or of unsound mind;
(d) is a Minister or Government
Servant;
(e) has been an Office Bearer
of the BCCI for a
cumulative period of 9
years; or
10
or federation apart from
cricket;
(f) has been an Office Bearer of
the BCCI for a cumulative
period of 9 years or of a State
association for a cumulative
period of 9 years; or
(g) Has been charged by a Court
of Law for having committed
any criminal offence, i.e. an
order framing charges has
been passed by a court of law
having competent jurisdiction.
federation apart from cricket;
(f)(e) has been an Office Bearer of the
BCCI for a cumulative period of
9 years; or of a State
association for a cumulative
period of 9 years; or
(f) Has been convicted charged by
a Court of Law for commission
of a having committed any
criminal offence and sentenced
to imprisonment for a period not
less than three (3) years.
6.5.2 A person shall be disqualified from
being a member of the Governing
Council or any Committee of the BCCI if
he or she:
(a) is not a citizen of India;
(b) is declared to be insolvent, or of
unsound mind;
(c) is a Minister or Government
Servant;
(d) Has, i.e. an order framing
charges has been convicted
passed by a Court of Law for
commission of a criminal
offence and sentenced to
imprisonment for a period not
less than three (3) years.court of
law having competent
jurisdiction.
(f) has been convicted by a
Court of Law for
commission of a criminal
offence and sentenced to
imprisonment.
18 BCCI has submitted that the disqualification from holding any office or post in a
sports or athletic association or federation apart from cricket needs to be modified
since several cricketers of eminence are associated with other sporting activities
such as football and golf after retirement from cricket and there is no reason to
disqualify them on that ground. Secondly, it has been submitted that the
disqualification which is attached to a person who is charged of having committed a
11
criminal offence is proposed to be modified so as to apply to a person who is
convicted of an offence and is sentenced to a term of imprisonment of three years.
This amendment, it has been submitted, is intended to protect office bearers who
may be subjected to frivolous prosecutions. Finally, it has been submitted that the
expression “or holds a public office” is over-broad and that the disqualification
should only apply to a person who holds office as a Minister or government servant.
19 The stipulation that the disqualification should attach on a conviction of an offence
may be accepted. However, the further condition that a disqualification would follow
upon a sentence of imprisonment of three years or more cannot be accepted. During
the hearing, BCCI agreed that the disqualification would govern a conviction and
sentence of imprisonment. The reasons set out for the other amendments are
acceptable. Subject to what has been observed above, the amendment as tabulated
in column 3 above does not detract from the basic purpose and object underlying
the judgment of this Court. The amendment, as proposed in Column 3 above, is
hence permitted to be effected.
20 An amendment has been proposed to Clauses 14.3 and 14.4, as well as to Clause
3(b)(vii) which are consequential to the amendments which have been made to
Clauses 6(4) and 6(5). The amendments to Clauses 14.3 and 14.4 and Clause
3(b)(vii) are in the following terms:
12
CLAUSE EXISTING PROVISION AMENDED PROVISION PROPOSED BY
BCCI
PROPOSED CLAUSE AFTER
AMICUS’S SUGGESTION
14(3) and
(4) 14.3 A person shall be disqualified
from being a Councillor if he or she:
(a) is not a citizen of India;
(b) has attained the age of 70
years;
(c) is declared to be insolvent,
or of unsound mind;
(d) is a Minister or Government
Servant;
(e) has been an Office Bearer
of the BCCI for a cumulative
period of 9 years; or
(f) has been convicted by a
Court of Law for
commission of a criminal
offence and sentenced to
imprisonment.
14.4.1 Each of the elected Councillors
shall have a term of 3 years in office,
subject to a maximum of 3 Terms on
the Apex Council.
A Councillor who has held any post
for two consecutive Terms in the
BCCI shall not be eligible to contest
any further election in the BCCI
without completing a cooling off
period of three years. During the
cooling off period, such a Councillor
shall not be a member of the
Governing Council or of any
committee whatsoever of the BCCI.
The expression ‘Councillor’ should not
be permitted to be circumvented by
being a member of any other
committee or of the Governing
Council in BCCI.
14.4.2 If a person has served two
consecutive terms each as Councillor,
in the equivalent body of a State
13
Association and in the BCCI [or vice
versa] continuously without any
break, such person shall not be
eligible to be a Councillor in the
equivalent body of a State
Association or in the BCCI, without
completing a cooling off period of
three years. During this cooling off
period, such a Councillor shall not be
a member of the Governing Council
or of any committee whatsoever of
the BCCI or of a State Association.
The expression ‘Councillor’ should not
be permitted to be circumvented by
being a member of any other
committee or of the Governing
Council in BCCI or any State
Association, as the case may be.
3(b)(vii) There shall be a provision whereby an
office bearer or an elected member of
the Governing Council / Managing
Committee / Apex Council who has
held any post for two consecutive
terms either in the State Association or
in the BCCI (or a combination of both)
shall not be eligible to contest any
further election without completing a
cooling off period of three years.
During the cooling off period, such an
office bearer or an elected member of
the Governing Body / Managing
Committee / Apex Council shall not be
a member of the Governing Council or
of any Committee whatsoever of the
BCCI or of a State Association.
3(b)(vii)(A) There shall be a provision
whereby an office bearer or an
elected member of the Governing
Council / Managing Committee / Apex
Council who has held any post for two
consecutive terms in the State
Association shall not be eligible to
contest any further election in such
State Association without completing
a cooling off period of three years.
During this cooling off period, such an
office bearer or an elected member of
the Governing Council / Managing
Committee / Apex Council shall not
be a member of the Governing
Council or of any committee
whatsoever of the state association.
The expression ‘office bearer’ should
not be permitted to be circumvented
by being a member of any other
committee or of the Governing
Council in the state association, as
14
21 Certain amendments of an administrative nature are proposed in Clauses 7(3), 15(3)
and (4) and 19(2), which are tabulated below:
CLAUSE EXISTING PROVISION AMENDED PROVISION PROPOSED BY
BCCI
PROPOSED CLAUSE AFTER
AMICUS’S SUGGESTION
7(3) The Secretary shall;
(a) to (e) ...............
Have the power to delegate any work
to the Honorary Joint Secretary.
The Secretary shall;
(a) to (e) ...............
(f) Have the power to delegate any work
to the Honorary Joint Secretary or any
person in management.
(g) Exercise all powers in relation to
cricketing and non cricketing matters with
the respective management personnel
including CEO reporting to him on a
The Secretary shall;
(a) to (e) ...............
(f) Have the power to delegate any
work to the Honorary Joint Secretary
or any person in management.
(g) Exercise all powers in relation to
cricketing and non cricketing matters
with the respective management
personnel including CEO reporting to
the case may be.
3(b)(vii)(B) There shall be a provision
whereby if a person has served two
consecutive terms each, in the State
Association and in the BCCI [or vice
versa] continuously without any
break, such person shall not be
eligible to contest any further election
in the State Association or in the
BCCI, without completing a cooling off
period of three years.
During this cooling off period, such an
office bearer or an elected member of
the Governing Council / Managing
Committee / Apex Council shall not
be a member of the Governing
Council or of any committee
whatsoever of the BCCI or of a state
association. The expression ‘office
bearer’ should not be permitted to be
circumvented by being a member of
any other committee or of the
Governing Council in BCCI or any
state association, as the case may
be.
15
regular basis.
(h) the Management personnel, the staff
and the CEO shall work under the direct
supervision, control and direction of the
Secretary.
him on a regular basis.
(h) the Management personnel, the
staff and the CEO shall work under
the direct supervision, control and
direction of the Secretary.
15(3) and
(4)
(3) The Apex Council shall exercise
superintendence over the CEO,
the Cricket Committees and the
Standing Committees in the
discharge of their duties
generally, and in particular, in
accordance with any general or
special direction of the General
Body, except for the Governing
Council of the IPL which is
directly accountable to the
General Body.
(4) In addition to and without prejudice
to the generality of powers
conferred directly or by
necessary implication under
these Rules and regulations and
the Memorandum of Association,
the Apex Council shall exercise
the powers and perform the
duties hereafter mentioned:
(a) to (c) …............
(d) To institute or defend any action or
proceedings for or against the
BCCI or against any Office‐
Bearer or employee of the BCCI.
(e) to (m) ............(n) To frame, in
consultation with the CEO, rules for the
appointment of Managers, Secretaries,
Administrative Officers, Peons and
other service personnel and staff and
for payment to them and other persons
in return for their services rendered to
the BCCI, salaries, wages, gratuities,
(3) The Apex Council shall exercise
superintendence over the CEO,
the Cricket Committees and the
Standing Committees through
the Secretary in the discharge of
their duties generally, and in
particular, in accordance with
any general or special direction
of the General Body, except for
the Governing Council of the IPL
which is directly accountable to
the General Body.
(4) In addition to and without prejudice
to the generality of powers
conferred directly or by
necessary implication under
these Rules and regulations and
the Memorandum of
Association, the Apex Council
shall exercise the powers and
perform the duties hereafter
mentioned:
(a) to (c) …............
(d) To institute or defend through
the Secretary any action
or proceedings for or
against the BCCI or
against any Office‐Bearer
or employee of the BCCI.
(e) to (m) ............
(n) To frame, in consultation with the
CEO, rules for the appointment of
Managers, Secretaries, Administrative
(3) The Apex Council shall exercise
superintendence over the
CEO, the Cricket
Committees and the
Standing Committees,
through the Secretary, in
the discharge of their duties
generally, and in particular,
in accordance with any
general or special direction
of the General Body, except
for the Governing Council
of the IPL which is directly
accountable to the General
Body.
(4) In addition to and without
prejudice to the generality
of powers conferred directly
or by necessary implication
under these Rules and
regulations and the
Memorandum of
Association, the Apex
Council shall exercise the
powers and perform the
duties hereafter mentioned:
(a) to (c) …............
(d) To institute or defend,
through the Secretary,
any action or
proceedings for or
against the BCCI or
against any Office‐
Bearer or employee of
the BCCI.
16
pensions, honorariums,
compensations, any exgratia payment
and/or provident fund and to regulate
discipline by suspending, fining,
removing or dismissing such
employees.
Officers, Peons and other service
personnel and staff and for payment to
them and other persons in return for their
services rendered to the BCCI, salaries,
wages, gratuities, pensions,
honorariums, compensations, any
exgratia payment and/or provident fund
and to regulate discipline by suspending,
fining, removing or dismissing such
employees.
(e) to (m) ............
(n) To frame, in consultation
with the CEO, rules
for the appointment of
Managers,
Secretaries,
Administrative
Officers, Peons and
other service
personnel and staff
and for payment to
them and other
persons in return for
their services
rendered to the BCCI,
salaries, wages,
gratuities, pensions,
honorariums,
compensations, any
exgratia payment
and/or provident fund
and to regulate
discipline by
suspending, fining,
removing or
dismissing such
employees.
19(2) (2) The day‐to‐day management of
the BCCI shall be conducted by
professionals in both cricketing
and non‐cricketing matters.
(2) The day to day management of the
BCCI shall be conducted by the
professionals in both cricketing
and non‐cricketing matters under
the direct supervision, direction
and control of the respective
Office Bearers.
(2) The day‐to‐day management of
the BCCI shall be conducted by
the professionals in both
cricketing and non‐cricketing
matters under the direct
supervision, direction and
control of the respective Office
Bearers.
22 The above amendments as tabulated in Column 3 above are accepted.
23 An amendment was sought in Clause 45 to delete the provision requiring the leave of
the Court to amend BCCI’s Constitution. The proposed amendment is not pressed
by BCCI.
17
24 Paragraphs 45.2 and 45.3 of the earlier judgment of this Court dated 9 August 2018
reported in (2018) 9 SCC 624 contains the following directions:
“45.2. Upon the registration of the said Constitution of BCCI, each of the
members shall undertake registration of their respective Constitutions
on similar lines within a period of 30 days thereafter. A compliance
certificate must be furnished to the CoA, which shall file a status
report before this Court with reference to the compliance undertaken
by the State Associations; and
45.3. In the event that any State Association does not undertake
compliance with the abovesaid directions, the directions contained in
the orders of this Court dated 7-10-2016 [BCCI v. Cricket Assn. of
Bihar, (2016) 10 SCC 23] and 21-10-2016 [BCCI v. Cricket Assn. of
Bihar, (2016) 10 SCC 231] shall revive.”
25 The above directions shall also apply to the amendments as approved by the
present judgment.
26 Mr Akhilesh Kumar Pandey, counsel, appeared in these proceedings on behalf of
two individuals who were earlier, members of an entity called Association of Bihar
Cricket. While opposing the amendments, counsel submitted that any modification
of the clauses in the terms as proposed would affect the underlying object of the
provisions in the original Constitution.
27 Having carefully assessed the grievance, we do not find any merit for the reasons
which we have already indicated.
18
28 The interim application is accordingly disposed of in the above terms.
…..…..…....…........……………….…........J.
 [Dr Dhananjaya Y Chandrachud]
…..…..…....…........……………….…........J.
 [Hima Kohli]
New Delhi;
September 14, 2022
-S-

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