Smt. Kalavati & Ors. Versus Mirza Kaisar Baig & Anr.

Smt. Kalavati & Ors. Versus Mirza Kaisar Baig & Anr. Case

Landmark Cases of India / सुप्रीम कोर्ट के ऐतिहासिक फैसले



REPORTABLE
IN THE SUPREME COURT OF INDIA
CIVIL APPELLATE JURISDICTION
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 6676 OF 2022
Smt. Kalavati & Ors.                   .. Appellants
Versus
Mirza Kaisar Baig & Anr.          ..Respondents
With
CIVIL APPEAL NO. 6677 OF 2022
Smt. Chandrakala & Anr.                    .. Appellants
Versus
Mirza Kaisar Baig & Anr.          ..Respondents
J U D G M E N T
M. R. Shah, J.
1. Feeling   aggrieved   and   dissatisfied   with   the   impugned
judgment and order dated 19.02.2019 passed by the High
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Court of Karnataka at Kalaburagi Bench passed in respective
First   Appeals,   the   original   claimants   have   preferred   the
present appeals and have prayed to enhance the amount of
compensation. 
Civil Appeal No.6676 of 2022
2. Feeling   aggrieved   and   dissatisfied   with   the   impugned
judgment and order dated 19.02.2019 passed by the High
Court in M.F.A. No. 200507 of 2018 by which the High Court
has   enhanced   the   amount   of   compensation   from
Rs.10,70,000/­   as   awarded   by   the   learned   Tribunal   to
Rs.15,98,120/­ only, the original claimants have preferred the
present appeal.
2.1 The issue involved in the present appeal is in a very
narrow compass.
2.2 That   the   deceased  at   the   time   of  accident/death   was
serving as a driver and was holding a valid driving license.
According   to   the   original   claimants   he   was   earning
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Rs.15,000/­ per month.
2.3   The   learned   Tribunal   awarded   the   amount   of
compensation for the death of the deceased at Rs.10,70,000/­
under different heads including the loss of dependency.  The
learned   Tribunal   considered   the   loss   of   dependency   at
Rs.9,00,000/­   considering   the   income   of   the   deceased   at
Rs.7,500/­ per month.  By the impugned judgment and order
the   High   Court   has   enhanced   the   loss   of   dependency   to
Rs.14,28,120/­   considering   the   income   of   the   deceased   at
Rs.8,500/­ per month.
2.4 Feeling   aggrieved   and   dissatisfied   with   the   impugned
judgment and order passed by the High Court, the claimants
have preferred the present appeal for enhancing the amount of
compensation on loss of dependency considering the income of
the deceased at Rs.15,000/­ per month.
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Civil Appeal No.6677 of 2022
3. Feeling   aggrieved   and   dissatisfied   with   the   impugned
judgment and order dated 19.02.2019 passed by the High
Court in MFA No.200509 of 2018 by which the High Court has
enhanced the amount of compensation from Rs.9,00,000/­ as
awarded by the learned Tribunal to Rs.12,25,104/­ only, the
original claimants have preferred the present appeal.
3.1 That   the   learned   Tribunal   awarded   a   total   sum   of
Rs.9,00,000/­   under   different   heads   towards   the
compensation for the death of the deceased – husband of the
appellant no.1.  The learned Tribunal has awarded the loss of
dependency at Rs.7,80,000/­ considering the income of the
deceased at Rs.7,500/­ per month.   In an appeal the High
Court   has   enhanced   the   amount   of   compensation   to
Rs.12,25,104/­   by   enhancing   the   amount   of   compensation
towards loss of dependency at Rs.11,05,104/­ considering the
income of the deceased at Rs.8,500/­ per month.
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3.2 Feeling   aggrieved   and   dissatisfied   with   the   impugned
judgment and order passed by the High Court, the original
claimants   have   preferred   the   present   appeal   praying   to
enhance the amount of compensation under the head loss of
dependency   considering   the   income   of   the   deceased   at
Rs.15,000/­ per month.
4. Having heard learned counsel for the respective parties
and   in   the   facts   and   circumstances   of   the   case   and
considering the material on record and considering the fact
that   the   deceased   were   having   driving   license   and   were
working as drivers, the claimants shall be entitled to the loss
of dependency considering the income of the deceased at least
as Rs.10,000/­ per month.   Thereafter adding 40% towards
future prospects and rise in income and applying the relevant
multiplier   the   claimants   shall   be   entitled   to   the   enhanced
amount of compensation.
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4.1 In the case of Civil Appeal No.6676 of 2022 considering
the actual income of the deceased as Rs.10,000/­ per month
and adding 40% towards the future prospects and thereafter
deducting 1/3rd towards the personal expenses of the deceased
and   applying   the   multiplier   of   15   the   claimants   shall   be
entitled   to   Rs.16,18,120/­   (instead   of   Rs.14,28,120/­   as
awarded by the learned Tribunal) towards the compensation
under the head loss of dependency.
4.2 Now   so   far   as   the   Civil   Appeal   No.6677   of   2022   is
concerned, considering the actual income of the deceased as
Rs.10,000/­ per month and adding 40% towards the future
prospects and thereafter deducting 1/3rd towards the personal
expenses of the deceased and applying the multiplier of 13 the
claimants shall be entitled to Rs.14,56,104/­ towards the loss
of compensation under the head loss of dependency.
To   the   aforesaid   extent,   the   impugned   judgment   and
orders passed by the High Court are required to be modified.
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5. In view of the above and for the reason stated above, both
the appeals succeed in part.   The impugned judgment and
order passed by the High Court in MFA No.200507 of 2018 is
hereby modified and it is held that the original claimants shall
be   entitled   to   a   total   sum   of   Rs.18,50,120/­   towards   the
compensation with 6% interest (in place of Rs.15,98,120/­ as
awarded by the learned Tribunal).
Civil Appeal No.6676 of 2022 is partly allowed to the
aforesaid extent. 
5.1 The impugned judgment and order passed by the High
Court in MFA No.200509 of 2018 is hereby modified and it is
held that the original claimants shall be entitled to a total sum
of Rs.15,76,104/­ towards the compensation with 6% interest
(in   place   of   Rs.12,25,104/­   as   awarded   by   the   learned
Tribunal).
Civil Appeal No.6677 of 2022 is hereby partly allowed to
the aforesaid extent.
The   respondents/insurance   company   to   deposit   the
balance enhanced amount of compensation with the learned
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Tribunal  within  a  period of  eight weeks from today failing
which it shall carry an interest @ 7.5 % all throughout.
Both these appeals are partly allowed to the  aforesaid
extent.  In the facts and circumstances of the case, there shall
be no order as to costs.
………………………………….J.
       [M.R. SHAH]
NEW DELHI;     ….…………………………….J.
SEPTEMBER 23, 2022.     [KRISHNA MURARI]
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