Section 57 The Transfer of Property Act, 1882

 Section 57 The Transfer of Property Act, 1882: 

Provision by Court for encumbrances and sale freed therefrom.—

(a) Where immoveable property subject to any encumbrances, whether immediately payable or not, is sold by the court or in execution of a decree, or out of court, the court may, if it thinks fit, on the application of any party to the sale, direct or allow payment into Court,—

(1) in case of an annual or monthly sum charged on the property, or of a capital sum charged on a determinable interest in the property—of such amount as, when invested in securities of the Central Government, the Court considers will be sufficient, by means of the interest thereof, to keep down or otherwise provide for that charge, and

(2) in any other case of a capital sum charged on the property—of the amount sufficient to meet the encumbrance and any interest due thereon. But in either case there shall also be paid into court such additional amount as the Court considers will be sufficient to meet the contingency of further costs, expenses and interest, and any other contingency, except depreciation of investment, not exceeding one-tenth part of the original amount to be paid in, unless the Court for special reasons (which it shall record) thinks fit to require a large additional amount.

(b) Thereupon the Court may, if it thinks fit, and after notice to the encumbrance, unless the Court, for reasons to be recorded in writing, thinks fit to dispense with such notice, declare the property to be freed from the encumbrance, and make any order for conveyance, or vesting order, proper for giving effect to the sale, and give directions for the retention and investment of the money in Court.

(c) After notice served on the persons interested in or entitled to the money or fund in Court, the Court may direct payment or transfer thereof to the persons entitled to receive or give a discharge for the same, and generally may give directions respecting the application or distribution of the capital or income thereof.

(d) An appeal shall lie from any declaration, order or direction under this section as if the same were a decree.

(e) In this section “Court” means (1) a High Court in the exercise of its ordinary or extraordinary original civil jurisdiction, (2) the Court of a District Judge within the local limits of whose jurisdiction the property or any part thereof is situate, (3) any other Court which the State Government may, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare to be competent to exercise the jurisdiction conferred by this section.

Supreme Court of India Important Judgments And Leading Case Law Related to Section 57 The Transfer of Property Act, 1882: 

Smt. Laxmi Devi vs Sethani Mukand Kanwar & Two Others on 9 October, 1964

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation vs Haji Abdulgafur Haji Hussenbhai on 18 March, 1971

Gurpreet Singh vs Union Of India on 19 October, 2006

Gurpreet Singh vs Union Of India on 19 October, 2006

Satyanarayan Laxminarayan Hegde vs Millikarjun Bhavanappa Tirumale on 25 September, 1959

Bengal Ambuja Housing  vs Pramila Sanfui And Ors on 18 September, 2015

T.Ravi & Anr vs B.Chinna Narasimha & Ors. Etc on 21 March, 2017

Harishchandra Hegde vs State Of Karnataka And Ors on 18 December, 2003

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