Dnyandeo Sabaji Naik vs Mrs. Pradnya Prakash Khadekar - Supreme Court
Dnyandeo Sabaji Naik and Anr. vs Mrs. Pradnya Prakash Khadekar - Supreme Court Important Judgment 2017 -
On 1st March, 2017, in the case of Dnyandeo Sabaji Naik and Anr. vs Mrs. Pradnya Prakash Khadekar and Ors [SLP (C) Nos. 25331-33 of 2015], a three Judge Bench observed that the Supreme Court must view with disfavour any attempt by a litigant to abuse the process.
While observing that Courts across the legal system - this Court not being an exception – are choked with litigation and “frivolous and groundless filings constitute a serious menace to the administration of justice” with the process of dispensing justice being “misused by the unscrupulous to the detriment of the legitimate”, it was held that “this tendency can be curbed only if courts across the system adopt an institutional approach which penalizes such behavior. Liberal access to justice does not mean access to chaos and indiscipline. A strong message must be conveyed that courts of justice will not be allowed to be disrupted by litigative strategies designed to profit from the delays of the law. Unless remedial action is taken by all courts here and now our society will breed a legal culture based on evasion instead of abidance. It is the duty of every court to firmly deal with such situations. The imposition of exemplary costs is a necessary instrument which has to be deployed to weed out, as well as to prevent the filing of frivolous cases. It is only then that the courts can set apart time to resolve genuine causes and answer the concerns of those who are in need of justice. Imposition of real time costs is also necessary to ensure that access to courts is available to citizens with genuine grievances. Otherwise, the doors would be shut to legitimate causes simply by the weight of undeserving cases which flood the system.”