Landmark Cases of India / सुप्रीम कोर्ट के ऐतिहासिक फैसले

          CRIMINAL APPEAL NO(S).1218  OF 2022
(Arising out of SLP(Criminal) No(s). 4935 of 2022)
Rastogi, J.
1. Leave granted.
2. The instant appeal is directed against the judgment and order
dated 26th February, 2018 upholding conviction of the appellant for
the offence under Section 20(b)(ii)(C) of the Narcotic Drugs and
Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (hereinafter being referred to as
the “NDPS Act”) and sentenced to 15 years’ rigorous imprisonment
and a fine of Rs.One Lakh, in default to pay fine, a sentence of
rigorous imprisonment for a period of 3 years to be undergone
3. The notice was issued by this Court by an Order dated 13th
May, 2022 limited to the quantum of sentence.
4. The facts of the case relevant for the purpose are that the
appellant is a poor illiterate lady and a senior citizen at the time of
the alleged incident, i.e., 15th January, 2011, who, along with her
two children, Pila Ram and Rajkumar alias Raju was charged under
Section 20(b)(ii)(C) of the NDPS Act for having joint possession of
the commercial quantity of illegal ‘Ganja’(Cannabis) of 05 quintal
and 21.5 kilogram, which was, as alleged, in their joint knowledge.
Other co­accused Rajendra Tiwari and Idris Khan were charged
under Section 27­A of the NDPS Act that they delivered the illegal
cannabis   in   the   house   which   was   in   possession   of   accused
appellant   at   Village   Chikhali,   Police   Station   Dondi   and   thereby
facilitated trafficking of cannabis carried out by appellant and her
two children(co­accused Pila Ram and Rajkumar alias Raju).
5. The case of the prosecution in brief is that on 15th  January
2011,   the   then   station­in­charge   of   Police   Station   Dondi,   PW­7
Vinay Singh Baghel, on being informed via telephone by station­incharge Rajhara about accused appellant of Village Chikhali keeping
‘ganja’(Cannabis) in her house for selling; gave this information to
C.S.P. Rajhara through telephone and prepared a written report in
this regard and sent it via Constable No. 1480.  Thereafter, PW­7
Vinay   Singh   Baghel   along   with   his   beat   staff,   reached   Village
Chikhali   for  action  and  summoned  witnesses  Komal  Singh  and
Chandrika Bai.  Informing accused appellant about the information
and   after   giving   notice   and   consent   for   search   proceedings,
prepared the consent Panchnama.  Station­in­Charge Vinay Singh
Bhaghel prepared his search Panchnama by allowing the accused
appellant to search him, police staff and witnesses first.  
6. Thereafter, upon conducting lawful search of the house of the
accused appellant in front of the witnesses, ‘ganja’(cannabis) was
found in twenty twine sacks, search and seizure of Panchnama of
which   was   prepared.     After   physical   verification   of   scales   from
weigher Devlal Sinha, and upon weighing the recovered ganja, total
weight of ganja packed in 20(twenty) sacks was found to be 05
quintals, 21.5 kilogram.  From each of the said sacks, two samples
of 50­50 gms. each were taken and the original ganja was labelled
‘A’ to ‘T’ and sample packets as “A­1’, ‘A­2’ till ‘T­1’, ‘T­2’.  After the
ganja(cannabis) and sample packets were sealed and seized, the
appellant was given a notice under Section 91 CrPC.  She failed to
produce any document in relation to being in possession of said
cannabis.   Accused appellant  on  being questioned stated  to be
carrying on the trade of cannabis together with her two sons, Pila
Ram and Raj Kumar alias Raju as well as with Rajendra Tiwari and
Idris Khan.
7. The   FIR   came   to   be   registered   and   after   completion   of
investigation, charge­sheet under Sections 20(b) and 27­A of the
NDPS Act and Section 299 IPC was filed implicating 5 accused
persons including the present appellant.
8. The trial Court framed the charge under Section 20(b)(ii)(C) of
the NDPS Act against the present appellant and two other persons,
namely, Pila Ram and Raj Kumar alias Raju and two other persons,
namely,   Rajendra   Tiwari   and   Idris   Khan   were   charged   for   the
offence punishable under Section 27­A of the NDPS Act.
9. So as to hold the accused persons guilty, the prosecution
examined 09 witnesses in all and statements of accused persons
were recorded under Section 313 CrPC in which they denied the
circumstances   appearing   against   them   in   the   prosecution   case,
pleaded innocence and false implication.
10. The   trial   Court,   after   hearing   the   learned   counsel   for   the
parties, held the appellant guilty for the offence under Section 20(b)
(ii)(C) of the NDPS Act and acquitted other four persons of all the
charges  and   while  the   matter  being  heard  for  sentence,   it  was
pointed out that the appellant is an old illiterate lady from the rural
background, having no previous criminal history but the learned
trial   Judge,   has   not   examined   in   totality,   as   what   could   be
appropriate punishment to her and sentenced the appellant for 15
years’ rigorous imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 1 lakh, in case of
failure to pay amount of fine, a sentence of rigorous imprisonment
for a period of three years to be undergone separately under the
judgment and order dated 8th November 2012.
11. The order of acquittal against the four co­accused persons was
never a matter of challenge at the instance of the prosecution.  The
poor   illiterate   lady   preferred   an   appeal   before   the   High   Court
against the impugned judgment but the High Court, examining the
conviction  on  merits,  took  note  of  the  bare  facts regarding  the
compliance of Sections 42, 50 and 55 of the NDPS Act made and
since the psychotropic substance was recovered from the residence
of   the   appellant,   considered   it   to   be   the   basis   for   upholding
conviction   and   sentence   of   the   appellant   under   the   impugned
judgment dated 26th February 2018.  
12. Neither the trial Court nor the High Court has considered that
the lady was illiterate and a senior citizen, was indeed residing but
completely unknown to law, with two grown up children, with no
previous background of being involved in any kind of criminal cases
at any point of time in her life time.  The case of the prosecution
was that on being received a telephone call, PW­07 Vinay Singh
Baghel   along   with   his   beat   staff   reached   Village   Chikhali   and
accused appellant, who was residing there, was served a notice and
other accused persons were not found at the time of search, the
present appellant was taken into custody and against the two coaccused persons against whom there was an allegation that they
were   involved   in   the   illegal   trade   and   who   supplied   this
psychotropic substance  to  the appellant,  both  were charged  for
offence under Section 27­A of NDPS Act.
13. All the other four co­accused persons were acquitted by the
learned trial court under judgment dated 8th  November 2012 and
held the  accused appellant guilty of  the offence as she was in
possession of the house from where the psychotropic substance was
recovered   and   appeal   preferred   at   her   instance   came   to   be
14. We are not dilating upon the procedure that was followed in
the instant case but after all the five accused persons faced trial,
unfortunately the appellant alone was held guilty, and the trial
Judge, without examining in totality of the matter and the other
salient facts into consideration, sentenced her to 15 years’ rigorous
imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 1 lakh, in case of default, further
imprisonment for a period of 3 years.
15. We have heard learned counsel for the appellant and also the
learned counsel for the State who has tried to persuade this Court
that looking into the nature of offence which has been committed by
the   appellant,   there   should   be   no   leniency   in   such   matters,
particularly, when the offence has been proved against her beyond
doubt and conviction is upheld by the High Court under Section
20(b)(ii)(C) of the NDPS Act.
16. It   may   be   noticed   that   the   minimum   sentence   prescribed
under the NDPS Act for such offence under Section 20(b)(ii)(C) is 10
years which may extend to 20 years with a fine of Rs. 1 lakh which
may   extend   to   Rs.   2   lakhs.     While   imposing   higher   than   the
minimum punishment, such of the factors which are to be taken
into consideration have been provided under Section 32B of the
NDPS Act but after we have gone  through the record with  the
assistance of the counsel for the parties, we are of the view that the
learned trial Judge as well as the High Court have not taken into
consideration the factors to be kept in mind for imposing higher
than the minimum sentence provided under Section 32B of the
17. We are of the considered view that the offences under the
NDPS Act are very serious in nature and against the society at large
and no discretion is to be exercised in favour of such accused who
are indulged in such offences under the Act. It is a menace to the
society, no leniency should be shown to the accused persons who
are found guilty under the NDPS Act.   But while upholding the
same,   this   Court   cannot   be   oblivious   of   the   other   facts   and
circumstances as projected in the present case that the old illiterate
lady from rural background, who was senior citizen at the time of
alleged incident, was residing in that house along with her husband
and two grown up children who may be into illegal trade but that
the prosecution failed to examine and taking note of the procedural
compliance as contemplated under Sections 42, 50 and 55 of the
NDPS Act, held the appellant guilty for the reason that she was
residing   in   that   house   but   at   the   same   time,   this   fact   was
completely ignored that the other co­accused were also residing in
the same house and what was their trade, and who were those
persons who were involved into the illegal trade providing supplies
of   psychotropic   substances,   prosecution   has   never   cared   to
18. We are not going to examine the question any further but
taking in totality of the matter and the background facts which
have come on record that she was an illiterate senior citizen on the
date of the incident, i.e., 15th  January 2011, having no criminal
record, and was from the rural background, completely unknown to
the law and unaware of what was happening surrounding her, all
these incidental facts have not been considered by the learned trial
Court while awarding sentence to the appellant.
19. In   the   given   facts   and   circumstances,   while   upholding
conviction  of   the   appellant,   and   considering   the   old   age  of   the
accused appellant, who is a poor illiterate lady completely unaware
of the consequences, we consider it appropriate that the sentence of
the   accused   appellant   be   reduced   to   12   years’   rigorous
imprisonment and a fine of Rs. 1 lakh and in default, to further
undergo rigorous imprisonment of six months which shall meet the
ends of justice.  Ordered accordingly.
20. Consequently,   the   appeal   with   the   aforesaid   modifications
stands disposed of.
21. Pending application(s), if any, shall stand disposed of.
AUGUST 10, 2022.


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