Constitutional Development in India

 Constitutional Development in India

Modern democracy and constitutional government may be western development's but ancient India was not unfamilar with Republican institutions  democratic assemblies panchayat and safeguards that Limited the power of the monarch and protected the public from abuse of authorities. The concept of the the supremacy of Dharma was hardly different from the rule of law Limited government point out Subhash C.Kashyap. However it was under British rule that India of the modern constitutional form of Government developed. As the East India Company gradually changed from a Mere trending group into a political authority on behalf of the British Crown several Charters and acts were passed by the British Parliament Tu to regulate its conduct. Sum of of these are of significance from the point of view of India's constitutional history. Brief overview of acts given ahead.

 Regulating Act, 1773  The chief clauses of the act were:(1) The the directors of the company where requested to Le before a secretary of state matters dealing with civil aur military administration of the company. (2) The Governor of Bengal was Now made the general governor of all British territories in India. (3)An exclusive Council of four numbers I was created to assist the general governor. (4) In matters of foreign policy the Presidencies of Bombay and Madras were made subordinate of the general governor and his council. (5) A Supreme Court of judicature consisting of one chief justice and three other member was created. (6) The servant of the company were forbidden to engage in private trade except percent or bribes etc. The act brought about the British government involvement in Indian affairs.


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