Second Amendment in Constitution - 2nd Amendment 1952:
It amended Article 81(1) (b) which dealt with representation of States in Parliament. It provided that one member of the House could represent even more than 7,50,000 persons thus made it possible to maintain the total strength of Lok Sabha constant at 500 which would have become impossible under the original Article.
The Constitution (Second Amendment) Act was passed in 1952.
Originally, Article 81(1)(b) required that Lok Sabha would have not less than one member for every 7,50,000, of the population. The strength of the Lok Sabha was fixed at 500 and at the rate of one member for every 7.5 lakhs of people, the formula became unworkable the moment the population reached 37.5 crores. The Amending Act, therefore, dropped the minimum requirement of one member for every 7.5 lakhs of people in Art. 81(1)(b). Only the maximum requirement was retained.
Corresponding changes were effectuated in Article 170(2) relating to the State Legislatures.
This Amendment would not have been necessary had the constitution-makers taken into consideration the population trends in the country.