The proposed first amendment comprised of restrictions upon citizens with regard to freedom of speech and expression guaranteed by Article 19(1)(a). This was envisaged primarily to prevent abuse of such fundamental right by some persons for dubious reasons. Another important change was to validate agrarian reform measures undertaken by some state legislatures. Zamindari abolition laws were some such legislation's meant for the welfare of the general public. Another change was to make the educational and economic measures proposed to be undertaken for weaker section of the people, provision under Article 15. Thus for the first time Article 46 of the Directive Principles of State Policy came to the fore as of guidance.
Inspite of this amendment things remained unchanged for the weaker section. On the contrary concept of Right to equality under Article 15 has been made a hoax. Reasonable restrictions under Article 19 have given a wide latitude to judiciary to define 'reasonable' and each judge having his own holy yardstick. Agrarian reform measures are still a mirage for common man. Instead 'reasonable' a pure literary word has become a legal opinion and riddle.
First Amendment in Constitution of India - 1st Amendment:
The Amendment Bill regarding Right to freedom effecting Article 19, etc., was moved on 10th May 1951 and was passed on 18th June 1951