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101st Constitutional Amendment

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101st Constitutional Amendment / 101st Amendment in Indian Constitution :-
One Hundred and First Amendment of the Constitution of India
The One Hundred and Twenty Second Amendment Bill of the Constitution of India, officially known as The Constitution (One Hundred and First Amendment) Act, 2016, introduced a national Goods and Services Tax in India from 1 July 2017. 
The GST is a Value added Tax (VAT) proposed to be a comprehensive indirect tax levy on manufacture, sale and consumption of goods as well as services at the national level. It will replace all indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Indian Central and state governments. It is aimed at being comprehensive for most goods and services

On 29 March 2017, CGST, IGST, UTGST and GST compensation law passed in Loksabha[10]
The Constitution (One Hundred and Twenty-Second Amendment) Bill, 2014 was introduced in the Lok Sabha by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley on 19 December 2014, and passed by the House on 6 May 2015. In t…

100th Amendment in Constitution of India

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100th Amendment in Indian Constitution :-
Constitution (100th Amendment) Act 2015 / THE CONSTITUTION ( ONE HUNDREDTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2015
This Amendment of First Schedule to Constitution on 1 August 2015 to exchange of certain enclave territories with Bangladesh and conferment of citizenship rights to residents of enclaves consequent to signing of Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) Treaty between India and Bangladesh.
100th Amendment in Constitution of India

99th Amendment in Constitution of India

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99th Amendment in Indian Constitution :-
The Constitution (Ninety-ninth amendment) Act, 2014
i) New articles 124A, 124B and 124C were inserted. Articles 127, 128, 217, 222, 224A, 231 were amended.The amendment provided for the formation of a National Judicial Appointments Commission.
In Article 124(2)
(a) the words “after consultation with such of the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Courts in the States as the President may deem necessary for the purpose”
were substituted with the words
“on the recommendation of the National Judicial Appointments Commission referred to in article 124A”
(b) the first proviso was omitted;
(c) in the second proviso, the words “Provided further that”,
were substituted with the words
“Provided that.”
The new article 124A provided for
(1) The National Judicial Appointments Commission, which would consist of:
(a) Ex officio chairperson: The Chief Justice of India,
(b) Ex officio members: Two other senior Judges of the Supreme Court next to the C…

98th Amendment in Constitution of India

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98th Amendment in Indian Constitution :-
The Constitution (Ninety-eighth amendment) Act, 2013
Article 371J was inserted in the Constitution to empower the Governor of Karnataka to take steps to develop the Hyderabad-Karnataka Region (i.e. including six backward districts of North Karnataka, viz., Bellary, Bidar, Gulbarga, Koppal, Raichur and Yadgir).
The Amendment provides that the President may give the Governor of Karnataka any special responsibility to
(a) Establish a separate development board for the Hyderabad- Karnataka region. A report on the working of the board will be placed each year before the State Legislative Assembly
(b) Ensure that the allocation of funds for developmental expenditure over the above-mentioned region is equitable,; and
(c) Ensure equitable opportunities and facilities in matters of public employment, education and vocational training for the people belonging to the above-mentioned region
The Governor’s orders may provide that
(a) In the said region a p…

97th Amendment in Constitution of India

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97th Amendment in Constitution of India :- 
The Constitution (Ninety-seventh amendment) Act, 2011
Article 19 was amended and Part IXB was added.
The words "or co-operative societies" were added after the word "or unions" in Article 19(l)(c); article 43B i.e., Promotion of Co-operative Societies, was inserted; and Part-IXB i.e., The Co-operative Societies, was added.
Shri (Dr.) Charan Das Mahant, Minister of State for Agriculture and Food Processing Industries, in a written reply to a question in the Rajya Sabha gave the following information”
97th Constitution Amendment to Encourage Economic Activities of Cooperatives
Constitution (Ninety Seventh Amendment) Act 2011 relating to the co-operatives will encourage economic activities of cooperatives which in turn help progress of rural India. It is expected to not only ensure autonomous and democratic functioning of cooperatives, but also the accountability of the management to the members and other stakeholders.
The …

96th Amendment in Constitution of India

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96th Amendment in Constitution of India
CONSTITUTION (NINETY-SIXTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2011
Year : 2011
[23rd September, 2011.]
PREAMBLE
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Sixty-second Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
Section -1 Short title -
This Act may be called the Constitution (Ninety-sixth Amendment) Act, 2011.

Section -2  Amendment of Eighth Schedule -
In the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution, in entry 15, for the word "Oriya", the word "Odia" shall be substituted.
*** 96th Amendment in Constitution of India

95th Amendment in Constitution of India

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95th Amendment in Constitution of India
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Tenth Year of the Republic of India as follows:---
1. Short title and commencement (1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Ninety-fifth Amendment) Act, 2009.
(2) It shall come into force on the 25th day of January, 2010. 2. Amendment of article 334 In article 334 of the Constitution, for the words "sixty years", the words "seventy years" shall be substituted.
The full text of Article 334 of the Constitution, after the 95th Amendment, is given below:
334. Notwithstanding anything in the foregoing provisions of this Part [Part XVI], the provisions of this Constitution relating to—
(a) the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States; and (b) the representation of the Anglo Indian community in the House of the People and in the Legislative Assemblies of the States by nomination, shall ceas…

94th Amendment in Constitution of India

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94th Amendment in Indian Constitution :-


Amendment in article 164 on 12 June 2006 to provide for a Minister of Tribal Welfare in newly created Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh States including Madhya Pradesh, Orissa.
94th Amendment in Constitution of India

93rd Amendment in Constitution of India

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93rd Amendment in Constitution of India
THE CONSTITUTION (NINETY-THIRD AMENDMENT) ACT, 2005
NO. 93 OF 2005
[20th January, 2006.]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India. BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-sixth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1.Short title and commencement.
1. Short title and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Ninety-third Amendment) Act, 2005. (2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
2. Amendment of article 15.
2. Amendment of article 15.-In article 15 of the Constitution, after clause (4), the following clause shall be inserted, namely:-
"(5) Nothing in this article or in sub-clause (g) of clause (1) of article 19 shall prevent the State from making any special provision, by law, for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes or the Scheduled Tribes in so far as suc…

92nd Amendment in Constitution of India

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92nd Amendment in Constitution of India
THE CONSTITUTION (NINETY-SECOND AMENDMENT) ACT, 2003
[7th January, 2004.]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1.Short title and commencement. - (1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Ninety-second Amendment) Act, 2003.
(2) Amendment of Eighth Schedule : In the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution, -
(a) existing entry 3 shall be re-numbered as entry 5, and before entry 5 as so re-numbered, the following entries shall be inserted, namely:-
" 3.Bodo.
4.Dogri. ";
(b) existing entries 4 to 7 shall respectively be re-numbered as entries 6 to 9;
(c) existing entry 8 shall be re-numbered as entry 11 and before entry 11 as so renumbered, the following entry shall be inserted, namely :-
10.Maithili. ;
(d) existing entries 9 to 14 shall respectively be re-numbered as entries 12 to 17;
(e) existing entry 15 shall be re-numbered as entry…

91st Amendment in Constitution of India

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91st Amendment in Constitution of India

THE CONSTITUTION (NINETY-FIRST AMENDMENT) ACT, 2003
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of
India as follows:-
1. This Act may be called the Constitution (Ninety-first Amendment)
Act, 2003.
Short title.
2. In article 75 of the Constitution, after clause (1), the following clauses
shall be inserted, namely:--
Amendment of
article 75.
“(1A) The total number of Ministers, including the Prime
Minister, in the Council of Ministers shall not exceed fifteen per cent. of
the total number of members of the House of the People.
(1B) A member of either House of Parliament belonging to any
political party who is disqualified for being a member of that House
under paragraph 2 of the Tenth Schedule shall also be disqualified to be
appointed as a Minister under clause (1) for duration of the period
commencing from the date of his disqualification till the date on which
the term…

90th Amendment in Constitution of India

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90th Amendment in Indian Constitution: 
THE CONSTITUTION (NINETIETH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2003
[28th September, 2003.]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1. Short title - This Act may be called the Constitution (Ninetieth Amendment) Act, 2003.
2. Amendment of article 332. - In article 332 of the Constitution, in clause (6), the following proviso shall be inserted, namely:-
"Provided that for elections to the Legislative Assembly of the State of Assam, the representation of the Scheduled Tribes and non-Scheduled Tribes in the constituencies included in the Bodoland Territorial Areas District, so notified, and existing prior to the constitution of the Bodoland Territorial Areas District, shall be maintained.".
SUBHASH C. JAIN,
Secy. to the Govt. of India.
*** 90th Amendment in Constitution of India

89th Amendment in Constitution of India

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89th Amendment in Indian Constitution 
THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY-NINTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2003
[28th September, 2003.]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1. Short title and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Eighty-ninth Amendment) Act, 2003.
(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
2. Amendment of article 338. - In article 338 of the Constitution,-
(a) for the marginal heading, the following marginal heading shall be substituted, namely:-
"National Commission for Scheduled Castes.";
(b) for clauses (1) and (2), the following clauses shall be substituted, namely:-
"(1) There shall be a Commission for the Scheduled Castes to be known as the National Commission for the Scheduled Castes.
(2) Subject to the provisions of any law made in this behalf by Parliament, the…

88th Amendment in Constitution of India

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88th Amendment in Constitution of India
THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY-EIGHTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2003
[15th January, 2004.]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1.Short title and commencement. - (1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Eighty-eighth Amendment) Act, 2003.
(2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
2.Insertion of new article 268A. - After article 268 of the Constitution, the following article shall be inserted, namely:-
Service tax levied by Union and collected and appropriated by the Union and the States.
"268A. Service tax levied by Union and collected and appropriated by the Union and the States.-(1) Taxes on services shall be levied by the Government of India and such tax shall be collected and appropriated by the Government of India and the States in the manner provided in clause (2…

87th Amendment in Constitution of India

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87th Amendment in Constitution of India

THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY-SEVENTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2003
[22nd June, 2003]
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-fourth Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1. Short title. - This Act may be called the Constitution (Eighty-seventh Amendment) Act, 2003.
2. Amendment of article 81. - In article 81 of the Constitution, in clause (3), in the proviso, in clause (ii), for the figures "1991", the figures "2001" be substituted.
3. Amendment of article 82. - In article 82 of the Constitution, in the third proviso, in clause (ii), for the figures "1991", the figures "2001" shall be substituted.
4. Amendment of article 170. - In article 170 of the Constitution,-
(i) in clause (2), in the Explanation, in the proviso, for the figures "1991", the figures "2001" shall be substituted;
(ii) in clause (3), in the Explanation, in the third proviso, for the figures "1991", the figures &quo…

86th Amendment in Constitution of India

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86th Amendment in Constitution of India
THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY-SIXTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2002
[12th December, 2002.]
An Act further to amend the Constitution of India. .
BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-third Year of the Republic of India as follows:-
1. Short title and commencement.- (1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Eighty-sixth Amendment) Act, 2002. (2) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.
2. Insertion of new article 21A.- After article 21 of the Constitution, the following article shall be inserted, namely:-
Right to education.-
"21A. The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine.".
3. Substitution of new article for article 45.- For article 45 of the Constitution,the following article shall be substituted, namely:- .
Provision for early childhood care and educati…

85th Amendment in Constitution of India

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85th Amendment in Indian Constitution

THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY-FIFTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 2001

[4th January, 2002.]

An Act further to amend the Constitution of India.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-second Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

1. Short title and commencement.-(1) This Act may be called the Constitution (Eighty-fifth Amendment) Act, 2001.

(2) It shall be deemed to have come into force on the 17th day of June, 1995.

2. Amendment of article 16.-In article 16 of the Constitution, in clause (4A), for the words "in matters of promotion to any class", the words "in matters of promotion, with consequential seniority, to any class" shall be substituted.

SUBHASH C. JAIN,

Secy. to the Govt. of India.

85th Amendment in Constitution of India

84th Amendment in Constitution of India

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THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY FOURTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 200284th Amendment in Constitution of India
Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution (Ninty First Amendment) Bill, 2000 which was enacted as the Constitution (Eighty Fourth Amendment) Act, 2002.
STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS Provisos to articles 82 and 170 (3) of the Constitution provide that no fresh readjustment of constituencies can be undertaken until the figures of the first census taken after the year 2000 are published. These provisos were inserted by the Constitution (Forty-second Amendment) Act, 1976 as a measure to boost family planning norms. Since the first census to be taken after the year 2000 has already begun, the constitutional embargo on undertaking fresh delimitation will lapse as soon as the figures of this census are published. 2. There have been consistent demands, both for and against undertaking the exercise of fresh delimitation. Keeping in view the progress of family planning programmes …

83rd Amendment in Constitution of India

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THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY THIRD AMENDMENT) ACT 2000
83rd Amendment in Constitution of India
Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution (Eighty Sixth Amendment) Bill 1999 which was enacted as the Constitution (Eighty Third Amendment) Act 2000
The Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act. 1992 was brought into force with effect from the 24th April, 1993. The said Act provided that within one year from date of commencement of that Act, all the States shall amend their local laws to bring them in conformity with the new provisions under the Constitution. This exercise will required to be completed before the 23rd April, 1994.
2. Article 243D provides for reservation for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in every Panchayat. Arunachal Pradesh is a State inhabited fully by indigenous tribal people. No Scheduled Castes exist in the State. No reservation of seats for the Scheduled Castes has been made in the State Legislative Assembly and no provisions exist un…

82nd Amendment in Constitution of India

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THE CONSTITUTION (EIGHTY SECOND AMENDMENT) ACT 2000
82nd Amendment in Constitution of India
Statement of Objects and Reasons appended to the Constitution (Eighty Eighth Amendment) Bill 1999 which was enacted as the Constitution (Eighty Second Amendment) Act 2000
The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes had been enjoying the facility of relaxation of qualifying marks and standards of evaluation in matters of reservation in promotion. The Supreme Court in its judgment dated 1-10-1996 in the case of S. Vinod Kumar Vs. Union India held that such relaxations in matters of reservation in promotion were not permissible under article 16(4) of the Constitution in view of the command contained in article 335 of the Constitution. The Apex Court also held that the law on the subject of relaxations of qualifying marks and standards of evaluation in matters of reservation in promotion is one laid down by the nine-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in the case of Indira Sawhney and …