Article 19 Constitution of India

Article 19 in The Indian Constitution

Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc
(1) All citizens shall have the right
(a) to freedom of speech and expression;
(b) to assemble peaceably and without arms;
(c) to form associations or unions;
(d) to move freely throughout the territory of India;
(e) to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India; and
(f) omitted
(g) to practise any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business
(2) Nothing in sub clause (a) of clause ( 1 ) shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence
(3) Nothing in sub clause (b) of the said clause shall affect the operation of any existing law in so far as it imposes, or prevent the State from making any law imposing, in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India or public order, reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause
(4) Nothing in sub clause (c) of the said clause shall affect the operation of any existing law in so far as it imposes, or prevent the State from making any law imposing, in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India or public order or morality, reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause
(5) Nothing in sub clauses (d) and (e) of the said clause shall affect the operation of any existing law in so far as it imposes, or prevent the State from making any law imposing, reasonable restrictions on the exercise of any of the rights conferred by the said sub clauses either in the interests of the general public or for the protection of the interests of any Scheduled Tribe
(6) Nothing in sub clause (g) of the said clause shall affect the operation of any existing law in so far as it imposes, or prevent the State from making any law imposing, in the interests of the general public, reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause, and, in particular, nothing in the said sub clause shall affect the operation of any existing law in so far as it relates to, or prevent the State from making any law relating to,
(i) the professional or technical qualifications necessary for practising any profession or carrying on any occupation, trade or business, or
(ii) the carrying on by the State, or by a corporation owned or controlled by the State, of any trade, business, industry or service, whether to the exclusion, complete or partial, of citizens or otherwise.

India's Important Case Laws and Landmark Judgments on Constitution of India i.e. Article 19 of Indian Constitution:
Maneka Gandhi vs Union Of India on 25 January, 1978 - Supreme Court of India
A.K. Gopalan vs The State Of Madras.Union Of on 19 May, 1950 - Supreme Court of India
Additional District Magistrate, vs S. S. Shukla Etc. Etc on 28 April, 1976 - Supreme Court of India
Additional District Magistrate, vs Shivakant Shukla on 28 April, 1976 - Supreme Court of India
Kesavananda Bharati vs State Of Kerala And Anr on 24 April, 1973 - Supreme Court of India
Bachan Singh Etc. Etc vs State Of Punjab Etc. Etc on 16 August, 1982 - Supreme Court of India
Bachan Singh vs State Of Punjab on 9 May, 1980 - Supreme Court of India
The State Trading Corporation Of vs The Commercial Tax Officer, on 26 July, 1963 - Supreme Court of India
Dharam Dutt & Ors vs Union Of India & Ors on 24 November, 2003 - Supreme Court of India
Indian Medical Association vs Union Of India & Ors on 12 May, 2011 - Supreme Court of India

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